Private investment funds are currently investing more capital than ever and the funds themselves are larger than ever. The industry's success comes against a backdrop of the continued fallout from the 2008 financial crisis, from evolving market trends and from increasing regulatory and tax compliance. In relation to structuring, fund-raising, making deals, managing exits fund sponsors, maintaining investor relations and dealing with the press, investors and their advisers are faced with unprecedented challenges and opportunities. This practical guide features contributions by leading industry specialists on a wide range of issues arising at all stages of a private investment fund's life cycle. Topics covered include formation and structuring, regulatory matters, limited partner issues and negotiations, deal-level considerations, environmental concerns and end-of-fund-life procedures, as well as jurisdictional/offshore matters, their jurisdictional differences and choice drivers (eg Luxembourg, the Cayman Islands and the Channel Islands). The guide also sets out and explores the particular issues presented in relation to listed funds, start-up and spin-out funds, real estate funds, infrastructure and energy funds, and secondary transactions. In consequence, this publication provides a wide-ranging and practical guide to the legal, regulatory, tax and commercial elements of establishing and operating private investment funds. Practitioners and other industry participants are likely to gain significant benefit from applying its contents within their own environment.
This book fills a gap in the existing resources available to students and professionals requiring an academically rigorous, but practically orientated source of knowledge about real estate finance. Written byÃ¿a bank vice-president who for many years has practiced as a commercial lender and who teaches real estate investment at university level, and an academic whose area of study is finance and particularly valuation, this book will lead readers to truly understand the fundamentals of making a sound real estate investment decision. The focus is primarily on the valuation of leased properties such as apartment buildings, office buildings, retail centers, and warehouse space, rather than on owner occupied residential property.
EU investment in China has increased dramatically since the early 1990s and is poised to increase further in light of China's recent accession to the World Trade Organisation. This book explores and critically appraises the existing legal framework governing EU-China investment relations, particularly EU investment in China. The current legal framework is composed of Chinese law, EU law and applicable international law, but the Chinese law is unsystematic and hard to discover and the EU has acquired only shared external investment competence which is vaguely defined. The applicable international treaties are incomplete, incoherent, or either too general or too specialised. Besides this, the international fora to settle investment disputes are still not readily available. Furthermore while law has played a very important role in decision-making by EU investors, the Chinese legal system is generally perceived as ineffective and lacking in effective enforcement of court and arbitration decisions. What the book demonstrates is that the time is ripe for a new international legal framework for foreign investment in China, and that as EU-China economic and political relations continue to improve, construction of such a framework is not only necessary, but also possible.
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