Using four Gulf sovereign wealth funds as case studies - Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the UAE - this book examines and analyses the history, governance and structure, and investment strategies of the above mentioned funds, in the context of on-going debates about their transparency.
The book discusses how most Gulf sovereign wealth funds were established under colonial rule, and have operated in the global financial system for many decades. With the increase of oil revenues, it goes on to look at how the funds have broadened their asset classes and their institutional development. Debate over the transparency of sovereign wealth funds has highlighted various global practices. Recently, organisational measures have been introduced for calculating possible risks from non-commercial investment incentives of funds, whose politically-driven investment strategies are viewed as potentially a major threat to the national security of their host countries.
Highlighting a number of incidents that triggered the transparency debate, the book scrutinises the reaction of some of the Gulf sovereign wealth funds to these recent regulatory codes and strategies. It is a useful contribution to Development, Political Economy and Middle East Studies.
How will the latest series of sweeping reforms affect China's expanding private equity industry? How does this complex sector of the massive Chinese economy point the way towards further explosive growth? How can investors position themselves under the new regulatory system to do business in the future? Private Equity Funds in China: A 20-Year Overview, in 2 volumes, serves as the definitive resource on understanding and navigating China's private funds market. Both a history and a guide, the 2 volumes of this set explain the ups-and-downs of China's private funds market and the substantial differences and striking similarities between China's private equity market and similar markets in the United States and Europe. With comprehensive data and statistics, as well as inside information, Chief Editor Xia Bin, the Counselor of the State Council, presents policy recommendations which could potentially change China's equity funds sector, and even the asset management market. Private Equity Funds in China: A 20-Year Overview offers a bold and frank assessment of the state of the industry and reveals: The inner workings of China's private securities and non-securities investment funds The intricacies of China's "sunshine" private funds The progression of China's venture capital funds
Capital adequacy allocation is not yet a legal requirement for hedge funds, but given the increase in global investigations, the high failure rate and lack of consistent benchmarking standards, the idea of financial reserves and enforced operational risk management are appealing prospects for the hedge fund investment community. Most hedge funds have superficial risk management but very few apply a thorough operational risk methodology. Independent consulting risk manager, Armelle Guizot, presents in-depth classifications of the range of operational and systemic risks and provides the reader with a benchmark to allocate capital reserves to support them. Based on Guizot's operational and market risk experience gained through working with high profile clients such as JP Morgan, Sumitomo Mitsui and Merrill Lynch, the reader will find that this report: covers all the major operational and regulatory risks associated with hedge funds; provides infrastructural risk maps; introduces a simple methodology to calculate capital adequacy; incorporates industry risk management surveys to benchmark against peers; and encourages fund managers to think ahead. This report provides hedge fund managers with a complete set of risk principles and standards to avoid operational risks and potential financial losses. At the same time it proves a valuable resource for those without advanced quantitative knowledge, allowing them to quickly grasp the hidden risks of hedge funds.
Miller and Henthorne give U.S. investors and entrepreneurs the insights they need to capitalize upon the rapidly expanding, but still open, Cuban tourism industry-the island's major industry. This authoritative examination of the market for Cuban tourism provides comprehensive information on Cuban contacts and data sources that are accessible to foreigners; insights into the competition and possible competitive strategies, plus the general background on Cuba and its economy that investors must have for an understanding of Cuba's potential. With its lists of references and contacts, Miller and Henthorne's study will be invaluable to international tourism executives, particularly specialists in strategic planning and the development of strategic business alliances as well as international marketers and business development officers. Miller and Henthorne have written their book for the day when relations and travel ties are reestablished between Cuba and the United States-a day that in their opinion will soon come. From their personal visits and interviews with Cuban officials in banking, finance, investment, politics, and the tourist industry itself, Miller and Henthorne have compiled material that is unavailable from any other single source. Here is detailed, first hand, timely information on Cuba's tourism resources, opportunities, infrastructure, competitors and competition, peculiarities, and historical and regional background for the benefit of investors in the United States and worldwide.
The central emphasis in the book is on the transaction and the constraints that its architecture imposes on a discussion of monetary theory and policy. Because of their comprehensiveness and discipline the flow-of-funds accounts are the ideal vehicle for theorizing about real and financial interaction. Such int- action can best be understood when real and financial transac- tions are expressed in a common flow dimension. Each decision by economic agents is seen as two-ended in terms of markets: one market supplies the source of funds and the second market absorbs these funds. A matrix of interdependent markets is featured throughout the theoretical discussion. Credit markets, and the bank credit market in particular, become the source of disturbance in the theoretical model, but the necessary involve- ment of the money market is also stressed. Theories of finan- cial instability and crisis now receiving considerable attention are part of the more general theory of the flow of funds. The rationale for the monetary authority to target credit rather than the monetary aggregates emerges from the analytical discus- sion. A flow-constrained analysis clarifies interest-rate deter- mination, provides a helpful format for discussing equilibrium and disequilibrium, integrates credit markets with the familiar IS-LM framework, and identifies a class of missing equations in macro-monetary theory. The prototype of the missing equations is an equation explaining monetary dissaving in terms of a series of arguments only one of which will be the stock of real balances or real wealth.
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