Most ETFs are still passively managed funds that track equity indexes. The newer ones, however, are increasingly complex, often focussing on narrow sub-sectors of the market, non-equity asset classes, or enhanced directional plays. Some allow investors to expand and fine-tune a traditional asset allocation based on core equity exposure; others, such as leveraged or inverse ETFs, are used to improve portfolio risk-adjusted performance. As such, we must be aware that while ETFs may continue to offer the market valuable investment opportunities, just like with other financial products there are also distinct risks associated with these investments that need to be fully understood. What are they? How can they be used? and What do we need to know to protect ourselves before we invest? Are only a few of the many questions answered by this book. To effectively wade into ETFs' increasing complexity, this book opts for a multi-author approach. Gathering many experts gives the reader the benefit of exposure to all aspects of ETF features and use. Never before has this many expert opinions on ETFs been collected in one place. This book incorporates practitioners' perspectives on the challenges facing ETF investors as well as their insights on building ETF portfolios using the latest investment trends and strategies. Topics covered range from the established to the most recent cutting-edge work, making this book a must-have, not only for professionals wanting to brush up on the fundamentals of ETFs, but also for those who are more advanced in their use of these financial products and are looking for an edge in an increasingly competitive market.
Managed Care and the Treatment of Chronic Illness is a unique presentation of available research in the treatment and outcome of care for the chronically ill patients in managed care settings. Chronic illnesses require frequent and specialized treatment for patients - anathema to the short-term and cost-effective objectives of MCOs. Professor Christianson, aided by five expert collaborators, addresses MCO strengths and issues in treating these patients, looks at research results comparing treatment in MCOs versus fee-for-service medicine, and considers the various management techniques and programs to deliver care to enrollees with chronic conditions. Finally the authors critically address the anticipation of the future for this growing population and research: the changes in the MCO environment this population will demand for successful care and the suggested directions for future research.
This book records the first success stories of a new form of financial intermediation, the hometown investment fund, that has become a national strategy in Japan, partly to meet the need to finance small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) after the devastating earthquake and tsunami in March 2011. The hometown investment fund has three main advantages. First, it contributes to financial market stability by lowering information asymmetry. Individual households and firms have direct access to information about the borrowing firms, mainly SMEs, that they lend to. Second, it is a stable source of risk capital. The fund is project driven. Firms and households decide to invest by getting to know the borrowers and their projects. In this way the fund distributes risk but not so that it renders risk intractable, which was the problem with the "originate and distribute" model. Third, it contributes to economic recovery by connecting firms and households with SMEs that are worthy of their support. It also creates employment opportunities, at the SMEs as well as for the pool of retirees from financial institutions who can help assess the projects. Introduction of the hometown investment fund has huge global implications. The world is seeking a method of financial intermediation that minimizes information asymmetry, distributes risk without making it opaque, and contributes to economic recovery. Funds similar to Japan's hometown investment fund can succeed in all three ways. After all, the majority of the world's businesses are SMEs. The first chapter explains the theory behind this method, and the following chapters relate success stories from Japan and other parts of Asia. This book should encourage policymakers, economists, lenders, and borrowers, especially in developing countries, to adopt this new form of financial intermediation, thus contributing to global economic stability.
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